Lichliter - IIE

Section II E: Technical Specifications and Preservation Strategies


Lichliter artifacts were preserved following basic archaeological conservation strategies recommended by the National Park Service and other accredited institutions. Artifacts were housed in polyethylene bags with archival paper tags. These tags were printed using a thermal printer, so no ink was used. Bags were organized by artifact number in archival, PAT-tested acid-free boxes. Any charcoal or soil samples were housed in flint glass jars with polyethylene lids. Tags were affixed to jars with acid-free twine. Jars were also housed in archival, PAT-tested acid-free boxes. All artifacts are housed in temperature- and humidity-controlled conditions. The cabinets housing artifacts are industry standard (Delta cabinets with continuous welds at the seams, continuous rubber gaskets at the doors, powder coated metal paint, and mounted on a Uni-strut system elevated 8 inches off the floor.

Database/Digital Files

When in active use, the ArcheoLINK database is backed up between one and three times a week. If not being used daily, the database is backed up every three to five months. Backups are housed on an external hard drive, flash drive, cloud storage (Google Drive), and local computer hard drive. Backups are exported from the ArcheoLINK database into Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Access databases; they are also saved in their original file format (APR).

The ArcheoLINK software is usually updated once or twice a year, depending on the amount of work being completed, training taking place, and software updates put out by QLC. All software backups are saved with dated and unique filenames based on the nature of the updates.

All files generated during the CLIR grant have basic metadata, all based on Dublin Core and the Digital Archaeological Record’s metadata schemas.

ArcheoLINK is a relational database that uses an APR database file. This file type is essentially an Access Database file (MDB) with password protection. It is able to be opened within ArcheoLINK and within MS Access.


Archival materials have received basic preservation, including removal of paperclips and binders and replacement of aging folders. All folders are archival and PAT-tested. General processing has taken place – all files were kept in original order and an inventory was done on the nature of the records present. Maps, photographs, slides, and negatives are currently kept in a temperature- and humidity-controlled environment.

List of Equipment Used

  • Zebra ZT230 Thermal Printer
  • OHAUS Scout Pro Scale
  • Symbol Barcode Scanner
  • Acid-free tags
  • Polyethylene (red line) bags
  • Flint glass jars with polyethylene lids
  • Acid-free cardboard boxes (PAT-tested)

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